0
info@redzet.lv

Technology » Technique » Ships, boats

Yacht Close-upHigh-speed Motorboat
Read description
Yacht, Jahta

Yacht

Code: V-1259-14
Author: Aivars Gulbis
Photo taken on September 6, 2014
FREE 1000 x 667 px
72 dpi
111 KB
S 2000 x 1333 px
1.98 MB
M 2480 x 1653 px
21 x 14 cm / 300 dpi
L 3805 x 2536 px
32.22 x 21.47 cm / 300 dpi
6.21 MB

A yacht is a watercraft used for pleasure or sports. The term originates from the Dutch word jacht "hunt", and was originally defined as a light fast sailing vessel used by the Dutch navy to pursue pirates and other transgressors around and into the shallow waters of the Low Countries. The jacht was popularized by Charles II of England as a pleasure or recreation vessel following his restoration in 1660.

In modern use of the term, yachts differ from working ships mainly by their leisure purpose. There are two different classes of yachts: sailing and power boats. With the rise of the steamboat and other types of powerboat, sailing vessels in general came to be perceived as luxury, or recreational vessels. Later the term came to encompass large motor boats for primarily private pleasure purposes as well.

Yacht lengths normally range from 10 metres (33 ft) up to dozens of meters (hundreds of feet). A luxury craft smaller than 12 metres (39 ft) is more commonly called a cabin cruiser or simply a cruiser. A superyacht generally refers to any yacht (sail or power) above 24 m (79 ft) and a megayacht generally refers to any yacht over 50 metres (164 ft). This size is small in relation to typical cruise liners and oil tankers.

Sailing yachts
Sailing yachts can range in overall length (Length Over All—LOA) from about 6 metres (20 ft) to well over 30 metres (98 ft), where the distinction between a yacht and a ship becomes blurred. Most privately owned yachts fall in the range of about 7 metres (23 ft)-14 metres (46 ft); the cost of building and keeping a yacht rises quickly as length increases. In the United States, sailors tend to refer to smaller yachts as sailboats, while referring to the general sport of sailing as yachting. Within the limited context of sailboat racing, a yacht is any sailing vessel taking part in a race, regardless of size.

Many modern racing sail yachts have efficient sail-plans, most notably the Bermuda rig, that allow them to sail close to the wind. This capability is the result of a sail-plan and hull design oriented towards this capability.

Types
Day sailing yachts
Day sailing yachts are usually small, at under 6 metres (20 ft) in length. Sometimes called sailing dinghies, they often have a retractable keel, centreboard, or daggerboard. Most day sailing yachts do not have a cabin, as they are designed for hourly or daily use and not for overnight journeys. They may have a 'cuddy' cabin, where the front part of the hull has a raised solid roof to provide a place to store equipment or to offer shelter from wind or spray.

Weekender yachts
Weekender yachts are slightly larger, at under 9.5 metres (31 ft) in length. They may have twin keels or lifting keels such as in trailer sailers. This allows them to operate in shallow waters, and if needed "dry out"—become beached as the tide falls.This is important in UK waters where many moorings are in tidal creeks. The hull shape (or twin-keel layout) allows the boat to sit upright when there is no water. Such boats are designed to undertake short journeys, rarely lasting more than 2 or 3 days. In coastal areas, long trips may be undertaken in a series of short hops. Weekenders usually have only a simple cabin, often consisting of a single "saloon" with bedspace for two to four people. Clever use of ergonomics allows space in the saloon for a galley (kitchen), seating, and navigation equipment. There is limited space for stores of water and food. Most are single-masted "Bermuda sloops", with a single foresail of the jib or genoa type and a single mainsail. Some are gaff rigged. The smallest of this type, generally called pocket yachts or pocket cruisers, and trailer sailers can be transported on special trailers.

Cruising yachts
Cruising yachts are by far the most common yacht in private use, making up most of the 7–14-metre (23–46 ft) range. These vessels can be quite complex in design, as they need a balance between docile handling qualities, interior space, good light-wind performance and on-board comfort. The huge range of such craft, from dozens of builders worldwide, makes it hard to give a single illustrative description. However, most favor a teardrop-planform hull, with a fine bow, a wide, flat bottom and deep single-fin keel with ample beam to give good stability. Most are single-masted Bermuda rigged sloops, with a single fore-sail of the jib or Genoa type and a single mainsail. Spinnaker sails are also common for down-wind use. These types are often chosen as family vessels, especially those in the 8 to 12 m (26 to 39 ft) range. Such a vessel will usually have several cabins below deck. Typically there will be three double-berth cabins; a single large saloon with galley, seating and navigation equipment; and a "head" consisting of a toilet and shower-room. The interior is often finished in wood paneling, with plenty of storage space. Cruisers are quite capable of taking on long-range passages of many thousands of miles. Such boats have a cruising speed upwards of 6 knots. This basic design is typical of the standard types produced by the major yacht-builders.

Aside from this fairly standard design, built in numbers and using methods approaching mass production by the large yacht-building firms of Europe and North America, there are some common variations to suit a yacht for a more particular role or to emphasize one aspect of performance rather than the wide range of abilities needed in a standard design. The classic "long keel" yacht, where the keel is integrated into the lower portion of the hull and extends for all or most of the hull's length, rather than being a single fin attached to the hull at the center, is still being built in small numbers. The long keel generally provides better directional stability, especially in rough weather, at the cost of greater weight, a narrower hull which decreases interior space, and poorer handling when under engine power or in tight conditions such as a marina.

Whilst the cutter rig with twin foresails was once the standard rig for most cruising yachts until the 1960s (when it began to be replaced by the two-sail sloop rig) it is now only commonly found on larger cruising yachts (usually around 15 m (49 ft) and over). Other rig variations are found on many different sizes of yacht such as the yawl, ketch, schooner and even unusual sail plans such as the junk rig.

A yacht may also be a "cruiser-racer", which as the name implies is a blend between the cruiser and racing variants. This is often a builder's existing design with changes to the rigging, sails, keel and controls to provide better performance. Some of the interior appointments may be reduced or removed to save weight.

The fixed fin keel is most commonly found on modern cruising yachts worldwide but some are still built with twin 'bilge' keels or with lifting fin keels which retract into the yacht's hull. In both cases these allow the yacht to sit upright on the seabed in shallow water or on areas that dry at low tide.

Most large yachts, 16 m (52 ft) and up, are also cruisers, but their design varies greatly as they are often "one off" designs tailored to the specific needs of the buyer.

Luxury sailing yachts
These yachts are generally 25 metres (82 ft) or longer, although the largest sailing yacht available for charter is 90 metres (295 ft).

In recent years, these yachts have evolved from fairly simple vessels with basic accommodation into sophisticated and luxurious boats. This is largely due to reduced hull-building costs brought about by the introduction of fibreglass hulls, and increased automation and "production line" techniques for yacht building, especially in Europe.

On the biggest, 40 m (130 ft)-plus luxury yachts, every modern convenience, from air conditioning to television, is found. Sailing yachts of this size are often highly automated with, for example, computer-controlled electric winches controlling the sails. Such complexity requires dedicated power-generation systems. In recent years the amount of electric equipment used on yachts has increased greatly. Even 20 years ago, it was not common for a 7 m (23 ft) yacht to have electric lighting. Now all but the smallest, most basic yachts have electric lighting, radio, and navigation aids such as Global Positioning Systems. Yachts around 10 metres (33 ft) bring in comforts such as hot water, pressurised water systems, and refrigerators. Aids such as radar, echo-sounding and autopilot are common. This means that the auxiliary engine now also performs the vital function of powering an alternator to provide electrical power and to recharge the yacht's batteries. For yachts engaged on long-range cruising, wind-, water- and solar-powered generators can perform the same function.

Racing yachts
Racing yachts try to reduce the wetted surface area, which creates drag, by keeping the hull light whilst having a deep and heavy bulb keel, allowing them to support a tall mast with a great sail area. Modern designs tend to have a very wide beam and a flat bottom aft, to provide buoyancy preventing an excessive heel angle and to promote surfing and planing. Speeds of up to 35 knots can be attained in extreme conditions. Dedicated offshore racing yachts sacrifice crew comfort for speed, having basic accommodation to reduce weight. Modern racing yachts may have twin rudders because of the wide stern. Since about 2000 water ballast transfer pumps have become more common as have transversely swinging keels. Both these stiffen the yacht and allow more sail to be carried in stronger winds. Depending on the type of race, such a yacht may have a crew of 15 or more. Very large inshore racing yachts may have a crew of 30. At the other extreme are "single handed" races, where one person alone must control the yacht.

Yacht races may be over a simple course of only a few miles, as in the harbour racing of the International One Design; long-distance, open-ocean races, like the Bermuda Race; or epic trans-global contests such as the Global Challenge, Volvo Ocean Race, Clipper Round the World Race and Mini Transat 6.50.

Propulsion
Sailing is an economical and environmentally friendly means of propulsion. A hybrid type of vessel is a motor sailing yacht that can use either sail or propulsion (or both) as conditions dictate.

Many "pure" sailing yachts are also equipped with a low-power internal-combustion engine for use in conditions of calm and when entering or leaving difficult anchorages. Vessels less than 7 metres (23 ft) in length generally carry a petrol outboard-motor of between 3.5 and 30 kilowatts (5 and 40 hp). Larger vessels have in-board diesel engines of between 15 and 75 kilowatts (20 and 101 hp) depending on size. In the common 7–14-metre (23–46 ft) class, engines of 15 to 30 kilowatts (20 to 40 hp) are the most common. Modern sailing yachts can be equipped with electric inboard motors in order to reduce consumption of fossil fuel. The latest technology are outboard electric pod drives that can also regenerate electricity (motogens). These motogens can be made retractable to increase the efficiency of the yacht. Some of these yachts are extremely efficient and do not need additional diesel generators. This technology is called Green Motion. Tests can be seen and read in the following magazines: Yachting Monthly, November 2010; the German magazine Yacht, January 2011; the Waterkampioen from the Netherlands, May 2011 and in Voile magazine in December 2011 in France. The Mansura Trophy was awarded for this new propulsion system in May 2011. Both catamarans and monohulled yachts are using this system now and are almost fossil fuel free. Slowly more yacht builders are installing the Green Motion system.

Hull types
Monohull yachts are typically fitted with a fixed keel or a centreboard (adjustable keel) below the waterline to counterbalance the overturning force of wind on the vessel's sails. Multihull yachts use two (catamarans) or three (trimarans) hulls widely separated from each other to provide a stable base that resists overturning.
en.wikipedia.org

Yacht

Code: V-1259-14
Author: Aivars Gulbis
Photo taken on September 6, 2014
FREE 1000 x 667 px
72 dpi
111 KB
S 2000 x 1333 px
1.98 MB
M 2480 x 1653 px
21 x 14 cm / 300 dpi
L 3805 x 2536 px
32.22 x 21.47 cm / 300 dpi
6.21 MB
This website is currently a work-in-progress, but we are adding new content daily!
Close
Portālu www.redzet.lv un www.gotobaltic.com veidotāju grupas darbības sākums meklējams jau 2004. gadā, kad pulciņš domubiedru – 4 jaunieši un viens pieaugušais – brauca pa Latviju muzicēdami un iepazīdami Latvijas dabu un atklādami ceļotprieku. Tolaik arī radās interese par fotografēšanu, kā rezultātā laika gaitā sakrājās liels fotoarhīvs. Radās jautājums, kur to likt, kā izmantot, lai tam būtu kāda jēga? Tāpēc arī dzima ideja par portāla izveidošanu, un nu jau dažus gadus tā ir sekmīgi realizēta, jo portālā www.redzēt.lv līdz šim ir ievietots vairāk par 20000 bildēm, ik dienas tam ir ap 600 unikālo skatījumu un ir bilžu bezmaksas lejuplādes iespēja, kas tiek plaši izmantota.
Apceļojot Latviju, radās secinājums, ka mums ir ļoti daudz skaistu, bet neapzinātu vietu un ceļotājam nebūt nav viegli ātri un ērti atrast sev vajadzīgo informāciju, kas kurā vietā būtu apskates vērts. Sākām vākt materiālus dažādās interneta vietnēs, un vajadzība atkal deva jaunu ideju – veidot ceļotājam ērtu portālu, kurā vienuviet būtu iespējams atrast visu vajadzīgo informāciju – ko attiecīgajā vietā apskatīt, kur paēst, kur pārnakšņot, kur vērsties dažādu tehnisku nepieciešamību un kļūmju gadījumos. Pašreiz esam šīs idejas īstenošanas sākumā, un mūsu mērķis ir ar portāla www.gotobaltic.com palīdzību veidot tūrismam pievilcīgu Latvijas un vēlāk visas Baltijas tēlu, kā arī reklamēt mūsu organizācijas, uzņēmējus, individuālos ražotājus u.c., palīdzot viņiem piesaistīt klientus.
Sākumā plānojam parādīt kartē Latviju, sadalītu pa reģioniem un novadiem. Reģionu kartē būs redzamas interesantākās apskates vietas. Novados varēs redzēt plašāku informāciju par apskates vietām un sociāli nozīmīgiem objektiem.
Savu mērķi sākam īstenot ar Kurzemes novadiem.
Ērtības labad piedāvājam divus apskates veidus:
1. Uzklikšķinot atveram novada karti un izvēlamies sev interesējošo objektu apskati.
2. Sev interesējošas vietas aplūkošanai izvēlamies no saraksta.
Papildus kartei un apskates vietu sarakstam portālā atradīsiet attiecīgo vietu fotogrāfijas un informatīvus aprakstus. Tas jums palīdzēs izvēlēties savu ceļojumu pieturas un galamērķus.
Mūsu lielais mērķis ir šādā veidā parādīt visu Baltiju.
Perspektīvā plānojam portālu tulkot angļu, krievu, vācu, ķīniešu un poļu valodās, tādējādi piedāvājot lielisku produktu šo valstu tūristiem.

Tā kā uzdevums ir ļoti liels, aicinām katru interesantu uz sadarbību.


Turpināt lejuplādēt

Sākot ar 1 eiro atbalstu
saņemsiet iespēju 30 dienas
LEJUPLĀDĒT FOTOGRĀFIJAS LABĀ KVALITĀTĒ
(S izmērs, A4, 2000 x 1333 px)
bez www.redzet.lv logo

UZZINĀT VAIRĀK
REĢISTRĒJIES

un
30 dienas
iegūsti
JEBKURAS FOTOGRĀFIJAS FOTOGRĀFIJAS LABĀ KVALITĀTĒ
(S izmērs, A4, 2000 x 1333 px) bez www.redzet.lv logo
Reģistrēties
PRIVĀTPERSONĀM sākot ar 1 EUR
KOMERCIĀLAI LIETOŠANAI sākot ar 5 EUR
Reģistrējoties saņemsi piekļuvi
lejuplādes pogai

Varēsi lejuplādēt jebkuras izvēlētās fotogrāfijas!
Garantējam Jūsu sniegtās informācijas konfidencialitāti.
Jautājumu gadījumā sazinieties ar mums: info@redzet.lv
IEGŪSTI AUGSTAS KVALITĀTES FOTOGRĀFIJAS

5 € = 5 FOTO vai 10 € = 20 FOTO
iegūsti FOTOGRĀFIJAS AUGSTĀ KVALITĀTĒ
L izmērs, 3888 x 2592 px, vai XL izmērā


Raksti mums uz:
info@redzet.lv
un iegūsti izvēlētās fotogrāfijas!

Izvēlieties jebkuras 5 fotogrāfijas neatkarīgi no lieluma un kvalitātes par 5 eiro, vai jebkuras 20 fotogrāfijas par 10 eiro.

Ielogoties

Jūs neaizpildījāt abus laukus.

Reģistrēties

Jūs neaizpildījāt visus laukus.